Baltic Hub Container Terminal Sp. z o.o. is Poland’s largest and fastest growing container facility, and the only deep-water terminal in the Baltic Sea Region having direct ocean vessel calls from the Far East.
Located in the heart of the Baltic in the Port of Gdansk.
Baltic Hub Container Terminal Sp. z o.o. (BHub) was the first container terminal on the Baltic Sea to directly receive vessels from Asia. Today, it is the destination of the largest vessels in the world departing from China, Korea and other Asian countries.
The terminal handles Polish imports, exports, transit and maritime transit. Thanks to good sea access, lack of ice, excellent operational capabilities and investments in infrastructure by the Polish government and the city of Gdansk, BHub is very well connected to inland destinations and is a natural gateway to Central and Eastern Europe for containerized trade.
The concept for the deep water container terminal located in Gdansk began in the late 90’s in order to address the ever growing potential of the Baltic’s deep-sea trading routes.
DCT Gdansk was selected by the Port of Gdansk to design, construct and operate a new independent deep-sea container port that was aimed to be the largest of its kind in the Baltic
The construction of DCT Gdansk terminal began on October 25th 2005.
The investment was completed in early 2007. Phase I of the construction included a 36-hectare container terminal capable of handling 500.000 TEU's per year along with a 650m long quay serviced by 3 post-Panamax cranes and 5 RTG's. DCT also built a ro-ro (roll-on roll-off) quay with an additional capacity of 160.000 cargo units.
DCT Gdansk received its first vessel on the 1st of June 2007.
The grand opening celebration took place on the 3rd of October 2007. During the first years of operations, the terminal specialized in handling feeder vessels, gaining important operational experience.
Since January 2010, DCT Gdansk, Poland’s only deep-sea terminal, started receiving on a weekly basis 8.000 TEU container vessels departing from the Far East bringing Polish imports, picking up Polish exports, and carrying transshipment for the key Baltic ports.
This direct connectivity with Asia boosted DCT Gdansk’s development as it became the Baltic Sea hub, achieving 180% growth in 2010 and made DCT one of the fastest growing terminals in the world.
The new era for DCT opened in May 2011, when the facility started handling the Maersk Line’s E-type class container vessels with the capacity of 15.500 TEU, the world’s largest ships at that time.
Thanks to this milestone, the company joined a prestigious group of North European deep-water container ports, serving the Ultra-Large Container Vessels on the weekly basis, the only such facility East of the Danish Straits.
In March 2012, a land lease agreement was signed for the construction of a new container terminal - T2.
Thanks to that the implementation of the strategy, aimed at making Poland, Pomerania and Gdansk the hub for Central and Eastern Europe and Russia, gained even more momentum.
This year, DCT became also the first container terminal operator in Poland to receive the Authorized Economic Operator (AEO). AEO is an international certificate established in 2008 by the European Commission to secure a smooth international trade flow accepted by Customs worldwide. Companies which have earned this certificate benefit from Customs simplifications as a result of being reliable partners.
In 2012, the container terminal handled its second millionth TEU since the operations kick-off, and closed the year with yet another annual volume record of approximately 900.000 TEU.
The first Triple E container vessel with a capacity of 18,000 TEU arrived at DCT in August 2013.
The uniqueness of EEE vessels stems not only from their size (400m long, 59m wide and 73m high), but also the efficiency and cost optimization they provide. A strategy that uses a combination of economies of scale and economic geography by delivering cargo closest to the destination brings tangible benefits.
In 2013 the container terminal handled more than 1 150 000 TEU. This record has permanently put DCT on the map of the world’s major container terminals and ensured its position as the biggest container terminal in terms of volume in the Baltic area in 2013.
In the second half of 2014, key decisions on the construction of the T2 terminal were made - the company closed the process of obtaining financing for the investment, obtained binding permits for the construction of the new part of the terminal and selected the contractor for the works.
This year, the terminal also opened a new four-track railway siding with a capacity of over 700,000 TEUs per year. As part of the project, container storage yards were built along the siding, as well as three crossings allowing the movement of handling equipment between the western and eastern parts of the siding.
A landmark moment in the terminal's history was the start of cooperation with 2M Alliance in February 2015.
Ships with containers from two of the world's largest shipping lines on one deck - Maersk Line and MSC - started arriving at DCT. The MSC shipowner also included its largest vessels with a capacity of over 19,000 TEUs (such as the MSC Maya) in the Gdansk service.
In May 2015, in response to container market demand, DCT Gdansk started construction of a second deepwater berth - project T2. Completion of the EUR 200 million funded investment was scheduled for the end of 2016.
In August, DCT Gdansk started cooperation with the G6 alliance (a combination of shipping lines APL, HMM, MOL, Hapag-Lloyd, NYK and OOCL). The second alliance marked the terminal's second weekly direct call from Asia to Gdansk and, most importantly, opened new prospects for companies involved in trade with the Far East.
In June 2016, the world's largest container ship at that moment with a capacity of 19,224 TEU - MSC Maya - arrived at DCT Gdansk quay for the first time.
The vessel will regularly call at the terminal as part of the 2M alliance's (Maersk Line, MSC) weekly ocean service.
October 2016 saw the official opening of the second deepwater container quay at DCT Gdansk. The 650m long T2 quay has been equipped with five modern STS quay cranes, the largest in the Baltic Sea, capable of handling vessels with a capacity of over 22,000 TEU.
DCT Gdansk doubled its annual handling capacity from 1.5 to 3 million TEU, making it one of the largest container handling facilities in Northern Europe.
The construction and opening of T2 has been carefully studied by shipowners.
Proof of the rationality of this huge investment, was the decision of the members of the newly formed OCEAN Alliance (APL, CMA-CGM, COSCO SHIPPING, EVERGREEN and OOCL) to start cooperation with DCT Gdansk.
In May 2017, the terminal gained another direct connection from the Far East, implemented with vessels ranging from 19,000 TEU to 21,500 TEU (among them the largest container ships in the world such as OOCL Hong Kong).
In 2017, DCT introduced changes in the functioning of the truck service. The terminal created the eBRAMA tool dedicated to drivers, transport companies and forwarders. The eBRAMA allows planning visits to DCT Gdansk to be optimal for all parties and improve the logistics chain.
DCT ended 2017 with 1.6 million TEUs handled, making the terminal one of the top 100 largest container ports in the world, according to Lloyds List.
In 2018, the implementation of the T2B Program began, under which the terminal's railway siding, the terminal access road will be rebuilt.
In addition, new equipment will be purchased (STS, RMG and RTG cranes) and storage yards will be expanded.
DCT Gdansk has a 1.3km long deepwater quay line, 11 STS quay cranes and annually handles over 460 vessels (including 100 of the world's largest container vessels) and has an annual handling capacity of 3 million TEU, making it the largest container terminal in the Baltic Sea.
March 2019 was very challenging for DCT Gdansk.
Terminal was jointly acquired by PSA International Ptd Ltd (PSA), the Polish Development Fund (PFR) and the IFM Global Infrastructure Fund (IFM).
Three new STS cranes started operations at T2 quay, increasing the productivity of the terminal. In August DCT also welcomed alongside the world’s first 24-row wide container vessel, the MSC Gulsun as part of her weekly 2M Silk/AE-10 service call.
At the end of 2019 terminal reloaded its 2 millionth container in 2019 and thus became the first terminal in the Baltic Sea to cross the border of 2 million TEU serviced in one year.
In 2020 DCT Gdańsk has successfully implemented an OCR system on its gates.
The OCR project involved the implementation of fully automated gates which use OCR cameras (Optical Character Recognition) to register trucks and containers that arrive at DCT.
This year terminal also created its permanent representation located in Prague to work closely with customers in Czech Republic and Slovakia.
In 2020 three new electrically powered Rail-Mounted Gantries (RMG cranes) dedicated for DCT’s railway siding have commenced operations. The cranes were purchased as a part of our T2b expansion program and are now fully operational, enabling DCT to take another step towards increasing productivity, efficiency and handling capacity for our rail customers
Gdansk has risen to first place in the Baltic Sea container ranking in 2021.
In April, the terminal handled its 15 millionth container since the start of operations. July brought the official awarding of the competition for the construction of Baltic Hub 3 by DCT Gdansk. Thanks to the construction of the new terminal, a third deepwater berth will be added to the port, increasing DCT's annual handling capacity from 1.5 million to a total of 4.5 million TEU. In August, the first feeder vessel of the new operator Fields called at DCT, thus opening a new connection between Gdansk and Latvia. At the end of the year, DCT completed the expansion of the rail siding, making the terminal one of the largest rail container terminals in Europe. In December DCT Gdansk was transformed from a joint stock company into a limited liability company. The terminal ended the year with a record result of 2.1million TEU.